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2017高考英语复习重点语法陷阱题800例虚拟语气2

作者:创立先生 来源:未知 时间:2016-08-03 阅读: 字体: 在线投稿

2017高考英语复习重点语法陷阱题800例虚拟语气2

  高考是人生道路上的一个转折点,也是改变命运的一战,如今的教育资源不平等化导致本身可以逆袭的你没有赢在人生的起跑线上,没有更好的站在自己所向往的大学校门口,三人行学院一直在想能不能尝试改变这种现状,让二三线城市的高考生也能接受一线城市的教育;每做一个决定,我们都会在内心这样问自己:“这样做能够帮助二三线城市的高考生吗?”我在原地,等你回来。

  【分析】最佳答案选 D。insist后的从句谓语有时用“should+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气,有时不用,具体要看该谓语动词所表示的含义。一般说来,若该谓语动词所表示的动作尚未发生,或尚未成为事实,则用虚拟语气;若该谓语动词所表示的动作已经发生,或已经成为事实,则要用陈述语气。分析上题的句意,可知只有选D最合适。请做以下类似试题(答案选B):

  (1) The patient insisted that he _______ ill and _______ to the hospital.

  A. wasn’t, wasn’t sent B. wasn’t, shouldn’t be sent

  C. shouldn’t be, wasn’t sent D. shouldn’t be, shouldn’t be sent

  (2) The man in prison insisted that he _______ nothing wrong and _______ set free.

  A. should do, should be B. had done, should be

  C. had done, had been D. should do, had been

  (3) I advised that he ______ to the hospital at once, but he insisted that he ______ quite well then.

  A. was sent; felt B. be sent; was feeling

  C. he sent; feel D. should be sent; should feel

2017高考英语复习重点语法陷阱题800例虚拟语气2

  6. ______ smoking, he would not have got cancer in the lung.

  A. Was he given up B. Had he given up

  C. Did he give D. If he gave up

  【陷阱】容易误选 D。

  【分析】正确答案应选B。之所以不能选D,是因为时态前后有矛盾。由于主句谓语是would not have got,这表明是对过去事实作出的假设,所以从句谓语应该是 had given up,而不是像D项那样用一般过去时。另外,当虚拟条件句中有 had, should, were 等词时,通常可以省略 if,并将 had, should, were 提前置于句首。又如:

  Were they to cease advertising, prices would come down.= If they were to cease advertising, prices would come down. 如果他们停止做广告,价钱会降下来。

  Had I been there, I would have filmed the occasion.= If I had been there, I would have filmed the occasion. 如果我在那里,我会把那场面拍摄下来了。

  ◆最新原创陷阱题(附详解)◆

  1. “I still haven’t thanked Aunt Lucy for her present.” “It’s time you _____.”

  A. do B. did

  C. had D. would

  2. If I hadn’t been lucky enough to meet you. I really _____ what I would have done.

  A. don’t know B. hadn’t known

  C. wasn’t knowing D. wouldn’t know

  3. “I’ve told everyone about it.” “Oh, I’d rather you _____.”

  A. don’t B. hadn’t

  C. couldn’t D. wouldn’t

  4. It has been raining for a day, but even though it hadn’t rained, we _____ there by tomorrow.

  A. can’t get B. won’t get

  C. hadn’t got D. wouldn’t get

  5. “Do you know his address?” “No, I also wish I _____ where he _____.”

  A. knew, live B. knew, lives

  C. know, lives D. know, lived

  6. “Isn’t it about time you _____ to do morning exercises?” “Yes, it is. Would you like to join us?”

  A. begin B. have begun

  C. began D. had begun

  7. It is hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ____ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown.

  A. wouldn’t have fallen B. had not fallen

  C. should fall D. were to fall

  8. He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he ____ a goal.

  A. had scored B. scored

  C. would score D. would have scored

  9. If only he _______ quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suffer so much now.

  A. lies B. lay

  C. had lain D. should lie

  10. Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night ____ for us to live.

  A. would be freezing cold B. will be freezing coldly

  C. would be frozen cold D. can freeze coldly

  11. Yesterday, Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she ____ something she would regret later.

  A. had said B. said

  C. might say D. might have said

  12. You didn’t let me drive. If we ____ in turn, you ____ so tired.

  A. drove; didn’t get B. drove; wouldn’t get

  C. were driving; wouldn’t get D. had driven; wouldn’t have got

  13. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ______.

  A. breaks B. has broken

  C. were broken D. had been broken

  14. But for the help you gave me, I _______ the examinations.

  A. would have passed B. would pass

  C. wouldn’t have passed D. wouldn’t pass

  【答案与解析】

  1. 选B。It’s time you did 为 It’s time you thanked Aunt Lucy for her present 之略。按照英语语法,it’s time 后从句通常要用过去式。

  2. 选A。虽然前有虚拟条件句, 后有使用了虚拟语气的宾语,但 I don’t know 却宜用一般现在时,因为 I don’t know 表述的是现在的真实情况,句意为“我要不是有幸遇到你,我真不知(指现在不知)我会做出什么蠢事来”。

  3. 选B。I’d rather 后接从句时,从句谓语的时态规律是:用过去式表示现在或将来,用过去完成式表示过去。

  4. 选A。we can’t get there by tomorrow 为客观事实,故宜用陈述语气。

  5. 选B。第一空填 knew,因为 I wish 后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气(即用过去式表示现在的想法);第二空要填lives,即用陈述语气,因为 where he lives 是一个客观事实,而不是 I wish 的内容。

  6. 选C。It’s time… / It’s high time… / It’s about time… 等后接从句时,从句谓语通常用过去式。

  7. 选 B。此题涉及错综时间虚拟条件句,主句与现在事实相反,条件句与过去事实相反。句意为:要不是在七岁时就迷上了 Melinda Cox 图书馆,我真不能想像我如今会在做什么。

  8. 选 D。这是otherwise 引出的含蓄虚拟语气,再根据前面的 hesitated 可进一步知道这是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,由此可推知答案选 D。

  9. 选 C。if only 意为“要是……就好了”,其后的句子谓语要用虚拟语气,同时根据 as the doctor instructed 中的过去时态可知从句是与过去事实相反,故选 C。

  10. 选 A。without 引出的介词短语为一个与现在事实相反的含蓄条件句。

  11. 选 D。otherwise 在此相当于 if she had not walked away from the discussion,即暗示一个与过去事实相反的虚拟条件句。

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