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2018高考英语一轮复习:英语语法之形容词和副词

作者:年轻的心跳 来源:未知 时间:2017-10-15 阅读: 字体: 在线投稿

2018高考英语一轮复习:英语语法之形容词和副词

  高考是人生道路上的一个转折点,也是改变命运的一战,如今的教育资源不平等化导致本身可以逆袭的你没有赢在人生的起跑线上,没有更好的站在自己所向往的大学校门口,三人行学院一直在想能不能尝试改变这种现状,让二三线城市的高考生也能接受一线城市的教育;每做一个决定,我们都会在内心这样问自己:“这样做能够帮助二三线城市的高考生吗?”我在原地,等你回来。

  形容词和副词

  形容词、副词是每年高考必考点之一 ,近几年语境综合化程度越来越高,难度加大。高考热点有:形容词、副词词义辨析;原级、比较级、最高级的使用;倍数的表 达方法;比较等级的修饰语;多个形容词的排列顺序;常见形容词、副词的惯用法等。

  关于形容词与副词这一考点,主要考查以下几个方面:

  1. 考查形容词和副词的基本用法

  形容词在句中一般作定语、表语、补语,而副词在句中主要作状语。

  2. 考查形容词作定语的后置规律

  形容词作定语一般位于所修饰的名词前,但下列三种情况形容词要后置:①形容词短语作定语时;②表语形容词作定语时;③修饰复合不定代词时。

  3. 考查多个形容词作定语的排序

  多个形容词修饰名词时,其排序规律是:(限定词+程度副词+) 描绘+大小(长短、高低)+形状+年龄(新旧)+颜色+国籍或产地+物质材料+类别或用途+名词。

  4. 考查副词在句中的位置规律

  副词修饰形容词或其它副词时,一般位于被修饰词的前面,但enough却要放在被修饰的形容词或副词的后面。

  5. 考查–ed形容词和-ing形容词的区别

  -ed形容词,通常说明人,意为“(某人)感到……”;-ing形容词通常说明事物,意为“(某事物)令人……”或“令人……的(事物)”。

  6. 考查两种不同形式的副词的用法差异

  即考查与形容词同形的副词与形容词后加ly构成的副词的区别。

  7. 考查形容词和副词的比较等级。

  8. 考查比较等级的修饰语 。

  考点1: 在具体的语境中辨析形容词与副词的语义

  从复现的频率来看,此点是高考对形容词、副词考查的第一大热点。解答此类题关键是要分析具体的语境,结合基本词义、搭配等来选择正确的答案。

  经过统计,常见常考的形容词和副词有(按频度排列):even; interested; interesting; yet; hardly; just; therefore; though; too; very; common; effective; either; ever; fair; however; less; more; nearly; only; purposefully; rather; still; such; surprised; surprising

  还有以下形容词和副词应当熟悉和掌握: a good many; a number of; acceptable; accidentally; actively; adequately; already; another; anxious; anyway; ashamed; attentiv ely; bad; badly; besides; better; but; careful; changeable; cheap; comfortable; convenient; eagerly; easy; encouraging; enha-ncing; equal; even though; eventually; fairly; far; fewer; following; formally; friendly; gen-erously; gradually; heavily; historic; hopefully; immediately; inaccessible; individual; inevit-able; initial; instead; invisible; largely; never; next; no; normal; nowadays; obviously; ordin-ary; other; otherwise; patient; plenty of; prac-tical; promoting; proper; quickly; readily; reasonable; remote; seldom; seriously; shor t; so; stimulating; traditional; unavailable; unav-oidable; unfavorable; unfortunately; usual; va-rious; weak; well

  考点2:考查形容词、副词的比较级、最高级及前面的修饰语

  【备考清单】

  1) 比较级、最高级的选用及应用范围

  比较级、最高级常用于表示两者或多者间的比较。复习中须注意如下句型的用法:

  ① as + 原级adj. / adv. + as表示“和……一样”及not as / so + 原级adj. / adv. + as表示“不如……”。例如:

  (94全国) John plays football as well as, if not better than, David.

  The piano in the other shop will be cheaper, but not as good.

  ② as + 原级adj. + a(n) + n. + as表示“跟……一样”。例如:

  (2001全国) It’s generally believed that teaching is as much an art as it is a science.

  (2003北京) Our neighbour has as big a house as ours.

  ③ 比较级 + than表“比……更”及less ... than表示“不如……”。例如:

  This year they have produced less grain than they did last year.

  This road is wider than that one.

  ④ the + 比较级, the + 比较级表示“越……,就越……”。例如:

  (93上海) It’s believed that the harder you work, the better result you’ll get.

  ⑤ the +比较级+ of the + 名词 / 代词表示两者中“较……的”。例如:

  Who is the younger of the two boys?

  ⑥比较级 + 比较级(越来越……)。___ 例如:

  Our country is getting stronger and stro nger.

  Things became worse and worse from then on.

  ⑦用the last表示“最不可能的”、“最不适合的”、“最不希望的”等。例如:

  The last thing I want to do is to offend you.我最不愿意做的就是惹你生气。

  He is the last man I want to see.他是我最不希望见的人。

  2) 形容词、副词原级、比较级、最高级前的程度状语

  ① 注意一些形容词或副词前的特定修饰语。例如:

  (2004广东) Sometimes it was a bit boring to work the re because there wasn’t always that much to do. (那样多)

  I quite like it. They are quite different / wrong.

  quite possible / impossible

  My hometown is much changed.

  much to my surprise(很让我吃惊)

  be well worth doing (很值得做)

  ② 比较级前常可用still, even, much, far, a lot / little / few / bit, rather, any, a great deal, so far, by far, no等词修饰。(注意more不用于修饰比较级)。例如:

  (94全国) If there were no examinations, we should have a much happier time.

  (2000上海) You’re standing too near the cinema. Can you move a bit farther?

  This is by far the better.

  ③ 最高级可用序数词、much、 by far、 nearly、 almost等词修饰。例如:

  Afri ca is the second largest continent.

  The Pacific is by far the largest ocean.

  I like this film the very best / much the best.

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